Archive | January 2016

Examination and Its Psychological Effects on Students or Merits and Demerits of Examination

download (86)Examination is the right and most practical means of judging the knowledge and learning of students and timely feedback to teachers as well. It is also a common practice in schools and colleges to assess the knowledge of their students through various tests and examinations. They encourage hard work and promote healthy competitions among the students through tests and examinations. It provides several educational benefits to students.

Examination is helpful in every part of life. It makes the man perfect. It proves helpful in selecting the right man for the right job. Fair selection without examinations is almost impossible. However, the examinations have some advantages (merits) and disadvantages (demerits). Examination brings a lot of improvement in the knowledge of students because it provides regular feedback to them. Moreover, examination promotes the sense of competition and hard work among the students which improve their knowledge and skills. Moreover, examination is an excellent tool to determine the teaching standard of teachers because they avail an opportunity to monitor/ evaluate their teaching methodology according to the progress of their students. On the other hand, the examination has some disadvantages. It makes the candidate addicted to cramming. The students learn by heart some questions and depend upon them for their success. They accept ready-made ideas and do not use their brains openly. The students depends on luck in an examination than hard work.

The examinations have a poor predictive quality because they only judge the ability of students under set conditions and limited time frame. Sometime a student got anxious under strict examination condition and could not perform up to the mark. Furthermore, many examinations encourage teaching to the test practice. It makes the students and teachers habitual of fixed curriculum focused on passing a specific examination.

This method limits the curriculum to a set range of knowledge and skills for a student which stops the benefits of education for them. We may say that examinations confine teachers and students to the syllabus defined at the begging of the year. Examination ignore the moral side which is an essential part of personality because education does not mean knowledge of books along. It concerns the whole man with his mental and moral make up. The examinations test the knowledge and not the morals value of a student.

However, the demerits of examination do not lessen their importance. No doubt some of the universities in the developed countries like Japan and American have abolished them. But this experiment can be successful only in highly developed countries. It demands light classes so that the teacher can give personal attention to every student.

In conclusion, we must say that some improvements be made in the current examination system to remove its disadvantages and will certainly provide many educational advantages. Therefore, it is recommended that the system of examinations must be continued with some alternations. Psychological tests should test the power of comprehensions and the intelligence of a student and not only the amount of knowledge which he has temporarily stored in his brain.


This entry was posted on January 22, 2016, in Education and tagged .

Stage Shows and Stage Management

download (85)A stage show is a live show or performance performed on a stage or deck or any designated space by actors, performers, musicians, models and so on. A stage show can also be a theatre performance which involves a collaboration of several actors and performers whose performance is watched by a live audience. The experience can be a real or imagined event which is communicated by the performers to the audience by use of dance, gestures, music, song and speech. Stage shows also involve various elements of art such as props, screens, painted scenery besides the effective use of light and sound. The integrated whole package conveys a story or an event with all the human emotions strung together – anger, friendship, humor, love, pathos, regret and so on.

The ancient Greek dramas were the forerunners to the modern theatre forms; many elements such as classification, themes, characters, plots and settings, even stage writing and theatrical language have been borrowed from the performances of the ancient days. Remains of ancient viewing galleries and theatre arenas in Green and Roman civilizations are ample evidence of the presence of stage shows and theatre performances from those days. In the course of time, stage shows evolved to include long-running plays, musical shows, ballet, operas, and various other forms.

The organization of a stage show or theatrical production is called stage management. In the modern era, stage management has become a sub-discipline of stagecraft which covers a whole range of activities such as:

• Organizing the production
• Coordinating communication channels with various personnel – e.g. director, stage crew, production management, actors, technical professionals etc.
• Managing schedules
• Ensuring proper infrastructure requirements
• Costumes and accessories

Stage show management requires a professional Stage Manager who can undertake overall responsibility of the various functions involved in the organization and execution of a stage production. A single individual can perform the task of a Stage Manager; however larger productions usually involve the presence of a professional team with several persons experienced in the different functional requirements. In such instances, usually there is an overall authority with the title Stage Manager with heads for different functions such as production, lighting, technical, personnel, etc.

Modern Stage Managers require professional qualifications and suitable experience to be accepted for the role. But the overriding qualities needed include the ability and temperament to deal with different people, an understanding of the artistic and technical aspects, good planning and organizing skills, a head for prioritizing and multi-tasking and being calm and composed even under pressure. Stage management can be a hugely demanding career.

It’s interesting to know that until the 16th century, many playwrights and actors themselves undertook management duties handling general, directorial and financial aspects of production. It was only in the 17th century that the distinct function of stage management emerged and it was in the 18th century that a separate person was hired for the specific purpose. Over the years, the role of a Stage Manager became clearly defined.


Questions You Should Ask Before Joining a Driving School

download (87)When you are taking the first steps into driving, the role of instructors plays a huge role. Just like in schools and colleges, the students need to like their teacher, and the teacher themselves should have the necessary qualities to deal with different types of students. There has to be proper coordination between them. For instance, if a student tends to get nervous often, they might not do so well under instructors who have a short temper or are impatient.

Individuals who are looking to learn to drive need to be aware of certain factors; factors which might look insignificant but are extremely important. These factors include the number of lessons you need to take because the cost of the course will directly depend on the number of classes you take.

How long will the theory class go on?

Some people might have the idea that in these sorts of training, theoretical knowledge is not so important, but it’s a wrong assumption. Theoretical knowledge is just as important as practical know-how. But you should make sure that there is an equal balance between the two. Too much theory can ruin the practical experience which matters the most.

How long does each class last?

Here you have to be extremely careful because if you don’t the instructors can easily cut out the duration of the classes to make more money. So, when you are comparing prices of this kind of training you need to be watchful about the duration of the classes. But make sure you don’t overdo things. More often than not people get excited and book a class for 3-4 hours but after 1-2 hours they lose their concentration. So the remaining period of the class is a complete waste of time and money.

Where do these classes start?

Most people prefer to take classes in an area where there is no traffic due to the fear of accidents. Certain mishaps are bound to happen where you are doing it for the first time which is why taking the classes on the highway or places where there is massive traffic is not a good idea.

Will the routes change?

Ask the trainer whether they will take you through the same route every day or different ones every day. Things can get a bit monotonous if the same routes are taken every day which is why you should insist that different routes are taken in each class.

Are all kinds of driving incorporated?

Taking these kinds of classes in a city is a lot different than doing it in rural areas which is why the classes should touch students all kinds of forms for their convenience.


This entry was posted on January 11, 2016, in Education.

New Year Celebrations and Symbolisms From Around the World

download (84)The countdown to the New Year is a ritual that is faithfully awaited by millions of people around the world. The season of celebrating New Year begins well before the clock strikes midnight on December 31. According to the Gregorian calendar which we follow universally, New Year falls on January 1 each year and ushers in 365 days till the next New Year comes up. This is what the international community follows as an undisputed practice. However, many countries follow different calendars, such as the Lunar Calendar and as part of their beliefs and traditions celebrate New Year on different days.

Even though New Year is not a religious festivity or occasion, there is a great deal of variety as there are several customs and traditions associated with the New Year. Ushering in the New Year with fun, positivity and zest underlines all these celebrations and the essence of it includes feasting, merrymaking and praying for prosperity, happiness and good luck in the year ahead.

Let’s take a look at the different religious contexts of the New Year.


Celebrated in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, New Year for Christians begins on January 1 and usually commences with church services and traditional New Year songs followed by family get-togethers, fun and festivity.


The Hindu calendar follows a luni-solar pattern and has seen several changes since the ancient days. An almanac that calculates dates marks the beginning of the New Year on varying dates every year. By and large, New Year celebrations mark the victory of good over evil and Lakshmi and Ganesh are the popular deities worshipped. Diwali, a popular Indian festival, is associated by many as the beginning of the New Year especially for trading communities. It is celebrated with wearing new clothes, lighting of oil lamps around the house, exchange of gifts and sweets between families and friends and the bursting of firecrackers. Around India, which is home to the largest Hindu population, many different states celebrated the New Year according to their customs and traditions – notable examples are Baisakhi in Punjab, Bihu in Assam, Nobo Barsha in West Bengal, Puthaandu in Tamil Nadu, Vishu in Kerala, Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Maha Vishuva Sankranti in Orissa, Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra and Navreh in Kashmir. The diversity of Indian culture lends itself well to the colorful celebrations of New Year around India. Underlying all these diverse celebrations is the theme of the ‘triumph of good over evil’.


Muslims world over follow the Lunar Calendar which is evident in the different dates associated with the New Year each year. Generally, the first day of Muharram is considered the first day of the New Year as it is the first month in the Islamic Calendar. However, the celebrations are rather somber in remembrance of Prophet Muhammad and his flight from Medina to Mecca; time is spent in introspection on life and mortality. On the tenth day of the Muharram month, processions are carried out with replicas of the martyr’s tomb and charities are given to the poor and needy.


The Sikh New Year is celebrated according to the Nanakshahi Calendar, the date of which falls on March 14 according to the Gregorian calendar. Sikhs conduct worship services with devotional songs, sacred vegetarian food service to guests, dancing, martial arts demonstrations and fireworks.


These celebrations are dominated by religious customs and can extend to multiple days. Visiting monasteries, bathing Buddha statues, lighting of candles and chanting of hymns are commonly seen. Buddhists follow the Luni-solar calendar and the New Year date varies from one country to another – for instance, the Chinese, Koreans and Vietnamese celebrate New Year in January-February, Tibetans in March while Burma, Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Thailand celebrate New Year in April. The common theme of these celebrations is happiness and merriment.


Jews give the New Year utmost importance and reverence and the origins of their celebrations can be traced back to Biblical times. The Jewish New Year falls in the month of Tishri, which corresponds to September-October in the modern calendar. It is a ten-day celebration full of socio-religious customs and is known as the Shabbat Shuva, commencing with the Rosh Hashanah and ending with the Yom Kippur on the final day.

Whatever celebrations are in store for New Year for the world’s people, some symbols of celebration stand out each year like the dropping of the ball at Times Square, the lighting up of the Opera House in Sydney, the dazzling fireworks displays in China and the blowing of the ram’s horn in Israel.

Studying Abroad The United States

download (83)It takes a lot of preparation for international students to study in the USA. There are more factors involved than the majority of students consider when they first decide to go abroad for their education, and it is important to be informed beforehand so that no mistakes are made in the process of applying.

After doing a comprehensive college search, students may feel as though they have more questions than answers. There are over four thousand colleges in the United States, and even after narrowing down public and private colleges and picking a program within a specific field of study, it can feel impossible to choose where to apply. This is why looking at some basic elements of school information and statistics can help.

First of all, it is a good idea to consider where in the United States is the best place to study. Although it may not seem like it from media representation always being centred on events in New York and Hollywood, the US is an enormous place with all sorts of social and cultural areas, as well as physical climates. While some opt for the east coast and its colonial schools like Harvard and Yale, many international students choose the sunny west coast as a destination to study and experience American culture. There are also other highly respected colleges all over the states, so north and south, east and west, there are hundreds of options for any international student to pick.

It is also advisable to take a look at admission rates and the average grades that each school accepts. As much as it feels awful to have college dreams crushed, it is better for students to play it safe and to make sure that the universities on their lists are feasible. Application fees are expensive on their own, so delegating funds to the schools that will actually work out is better than shooting too high and wasting money.

A third element to take into consideration is how friendly the particular school is to international students. For students who are coming to a whole different country, especially if there are language barriers, it can be a difficult transition. Some colleges are worse than others when it comes to multiculturalism and diversity, so if this is a concern, it is best for foreign students to choose a college that will provide them with an environment that will allow easy adaptation into the campus climate.

Finally, an important element to look into when applying for colleges out of the country is how many spots the actual school holds for international students. Although many colleges nowadays are more eager than ever to welcome students from all over the world, there is still a lot of limitation to how many international students can enroll compared to how many local students are accepted at colleges. It is a good idea to check these kinds of administrative policies before investing the time, energy, and money into applying for a college in the United States.